Web link : http://www.eupedia.com/england/fact_sheet_england.shtml
Updated : June 2012
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state located off the northwestern coast of continental Europe. The country includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the UK that shares a land border with another state—the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean in the west and north, the North Sea in the east, the English Channel in the south, and the Irish Sea in the west.
The UK’s form of government is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system and its capital city is London. It is one of the Commonwealth Realms. The United Kingdom consists of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The latter three have devolved administrations, each with varying powers, based in their capital cities, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast, respectively. Guernsey, Jersey and the Isle of Man are Crown dependencies and are not part of the UK. The United Kingdom has fourteen British Overseas Territories. These are remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, encompassed almost a quarter of the world’s land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language, culture and legal systems of many of its former colonies.
The United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP and the eighth – largest economy by purchasing power parity. It was the world’s first industrialized country and the world’s foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence internationally.
The UK has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946. It has been a member of the European Union (EU) and its predecessor the European Economic Community (EEC) since 1973; it is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G8, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Whether you want to study at undergraduate or postgraduate level, UK courses can offer a fantastic range of benefits:
There are many reasons to apply for a higher education course at a UK university or college.
Schools in England, Wales and Northern Ireland tend to emphasize depth in a few chosen subjects.
Scottish education tends to focus on more breadth across subjects than in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
The most common form of post-16 education is the study of A-levels (General Certificate of Education in Advanced Level certificates), which are used as a form of preparation for admission into university. Students generally study three or four subjects to A-level relevant to their chosen degree subject.
Generally, students take Highers, a Scottish Qualification certificate offered by the Scottish Qualifications Authority, after Secondary 4. Highers are a university entrance qualification and are offered in a wide range of subjects. Though students can typically enter university at the end of Secondary 5, most remain through Secondary 6 to take more Highers courses or progress to the Advanced Highers level.
Students apply to UK universities, through the University and College Admissions Service (UCAS), a central government agency that coordinates applications for every university. Students may make 5 choices on their UCAS form. Wide ranges of degree courses are available, which provide skills for a variety of jobs or further study.
Wide ranges of degree courses are available at Scottish universities, which tend to emphasize breadth across subjects and students typically do not specialize subjects until the third year.
A Master’s degree in the UK may be research based, a taught course or a combination of the two and will prepare students for a particular career or for a doctorate qualification, and are offered in a variety of fields.
The key to successful study at this level is good preparation for your course through our Pre-MBA and Pre-Master’s programs.
Doctorate programs require students to undertake an original piece of research.
Every UK higher education course sets its own entry requirements. These entry requirements are there to ensure that you have the right skills and knowledge to successfully complete the course.
You can see the entry requirements for each undergraduate and postgraduate course on the university or college’s website.
|British Degree||Indian Equivalent Degree|
|British Bachelor (Ordinary) Degree||A three-year Indian Graduation Degree like B.A. or B.Sc. and other such courses.|
|British Bachelor (Honours) Degree||A four-year Indian graduation course like B.E. or B.Tech. or other such courses.OR
A post graduate degree, from Indian university, like M.A., M.Sc. or other such courses.
|British Master’s Degree||A post graduate degree like M.Tech. or M.E. from I.I.T. or I.I.Sc. and other such colleges|
POST GRADUATE DIPLOMA
Dr. Manmohan Singh Scholarships have enabled academically outstanding Indian students to undertake doctoral degrees.
The University of Cambridge has long and strong ties with India. Many of India’s leading politicians, businessmen and scientists are Cambridge alumni. St John’s College, one of the largest of the Colleges in Cambridge, has had particularly extensive links over many years.
Dr Manmonhan Singh, the Prime Minister of India, is a graduate and Honorary Fellow of St John’s College. He is widely acknowledged as the architect of the economic reforms that have helped propel India onto the World Stage. In honour of Dr Singh St John’s College has launched the Dr Manmohan Singh Scholarships. These awards will enable academically outstanding Indian students to come to St. John’s College, University of Cambridge to study for doctoral degrees in subjects like Science & Technology, Economics and Social Sciences.
Applications in Aerospace Engineering and Energy Studies will be of particular interest.
The scholarships are fully funded, and cover:
The applicant should be:
The Goa Education Trust (GET) scholarship is a partnership between the Dempo and Fomento groups from Goa. GET aims to provide Goan students with a platform to undertake postgraduate study in the UK in any field of academic study. Since the introduction of the scholarship in 2010, recipients of the award have successfully completed their studies in a range of subjects including Journalism, Education, Ancient History and Law.
The scholarship covers full/ part tuition fees for the courses beginning September 2013.
The applicant should:
The CSFP is aimed at students of Commonwealth countries who can make a significant contribution to their home country after the completion of a higher education programme in the UK.
This is a source of funding made available to all Commonwealth countries by the Commonwealth Scholarships Commission.
The CSFP is an annual scheme made available to all the Commonwealth countries by the Commonwealth Scholarships Commission. In India, this is jointly managed by:
Applications for the 2014 session is now closed. Check out the details on the shorlisting process at the MHRD website http://mhrd.gov.in/
CWIT enables Indians in the early to mid stages of their careers to spend time in the UK, helping them to achieve artistic, academic and professional ambitions and to broaden their international contacts.
Charles Wallace was born in Calcutta in 1855. He lived, worked and flourished there, founding the Shaw Wallace company (though there are no connections now between CWIT and Shaw Wallace).
Charles Wallace died in 1916, bequeathing his modest fortune to his family for a generation and then for the benefit of those among whom he had made it.
In 1981, following an agreement between the Indian and British governments, CWIT was established as an English charity. It is run by four trustees, one nominated by the British Council. The trustees cover CWIT’s main areas of interest and are Ingval Maxwell, Dr Yasmin Khan, Caroline Douglas and Colin Perchard ( British Council nominee). The Secretary is Richard Alford.
In over 30 years CWIT has made around 2700 grants. British Council India advises on CWIT’s work and gives valuable administrative support including guidance on applying for a visa.
CWIT’s recent annual reports and accounts, including lists of scholarships and grants given, can be seen on the Charity Commission’s website.
Deadlines, Eligibility Criteria and Application Guidelines for each award vary . For details follow links for specific awards.
This year applications for Long-term Awards can be sent from 1 September to 30 November.
Your visa application will be assessed under the new points based criteria. You should make your application under Tier 4 – General Student. To gain a General Student Visa, you need to acquire 40 points:
30 points granted for the CAS Number and the original academic documents issued to grant you admission at the Academy.
10 points gained by providing your personal bank statement showing that you have sufficient money to meet the maintenance costs set by the UK Border Agency, which has been calculated as £7200 (£800×9 months).
If you want to come to the UK to study, you should apply to come here on a student visa. We call this category of visa Tier 4.
The Tier 4 category is for students who want to come to the UK to study.
There are 2 types of visa:
You must be able to show that you have:
For every document you provide, you must include the original document and a photocopy.
This includes a copy of your passport bio-data page (the page containing your photograph). If you do not provide a photocopy of each document, we might not return your original documents to you.
If you are applying for a Tier 4 General visa, you must also submit with a copy of your completed Tier 4 Appendix 8 form.
If you are applying for a Tier 4 Child visa, you must also submit with a copy of your completed Tier 4 Appendix 9 form.
If you send us a document that is not in English or Welsh, it must be accompanied by a full translation that can be independently verified by us.
Each translated document must contain:
You will need to complete and submit a visa application form online at Visa4UK.
When you get to Visa4UK you will need to register and create an account.
When you have completed your online application form, you will need to print and sign your completed form. If you do not have access to a printer when you apply, you can log in and print the form later.
You must use the online appointment calendar to book an appointment at the visa application centre. You can book, change or cancel your booking online.
When you have completed your online application, you will receive an email message containing your application number (also known as a ‘GWF reference’). Please make a note of this number. Your appointment must be no more than 90 days after the date you completed and submitted your online visa application form.
Before you sign your application form, you must ensure that the information on the form is correct and your supporting documents are genuine and unaltered. If you do not have a document you should explain why you do not have it. You must not provide a false document.
There are 4 ways to pay your visa application fee. To find out how much your visa will cost go to UKBA Home office Website .
There are 4 ways to pay your visa application fee:
You can pay your fee at some branches of the Standard Chartered Bank. There is no charge for this payment service.
The bank will issue a demand draft in favour of the ‘The British High Commission’, payable in:
The demand draft is valid for 3 months from the date of issue. You should submit your visa application during this 3-month period. You must attend the bank in person with your original passport. In the case of a family application, 1 applicant can visit a branch of the bank with the original passports of all the family members applying for the visa.
Please bring the demand draft with you to the visa application centre when you submit your visa application. Separate demand drafts are required for each visa application.
You can pay your fee by getting a demand draft issued by a nationalised or a foreign bank. Bank charges for this service will vary.
The demand draft must be in favour of the ‘The British High Commission’, payable in:
Please bring the demand draft with you to the visa application centre when you submit your visa application. Separate demand drafts are required for each visa application.
You can pay the visa application fee at the visa application centre when you submit your visa application. Standard Chartered Bank facilities are located in all visa application centres for this purpose. The Standard Chartered Bank will apply a service charge of Rs.260 (inclusive of taxes) for this facility.
You can pay your visa application fee online using a Visa or MasterCard credit or debit card. We do not accept any other types of cards.
When your online payment has been taken, you will receive a confirmation email from our payment provider WorldPay. If you would like to withdraw your application and have your visa fee refunded, please use refund request form.
If biometric information has been submitted and/or your application has been processed, you are not entitled to a refund either from UK Visas and Immigration or your card issuer.
You must book and attend an appointment at our visa application centre to submit your application and facial photograph and fingerprints.
They will not process your visa application without your biometric information, unless you are exempt.
Every time you apply for a visa you must come to one of our visa application centres so we can scan your fingerprints and photograph your face.
Applicants under 16 years old must be accompanied by an adult when enrolling their biometric information. This adult cannot be a member of staff.
There is no extra fee for enrolling your biometric information. We will keep your biometric information for 10 years from the date when we last scanned your fingerprints and photographed your face.
If you are applying for a visitor, Tier 1, Tier 2 or settlement entry visa you must not choose the option of ‘Tier 4 applicants’ in the visa category when booking an appointment. Booking an appointment under the incorrect category or block booking appointments can lead to delays for yourself and other customers.
To scan your fingerprints, we use a machine and it does not use ink, liquids or chemicals.
You cannot enroll your fingerprints if your fingertips are cut or damaged, or if you have put any form of temporary decoration (such as henna) on them. You will not be able to enroll your biometric information until the injury has healed or the decoration has faded.
If any of your fingertips are missing, you must enroll your remaining fingerprints.
We will photograph your full face. You must not be wearing sunglasses, tinted spectacles, hair across the eyes or anything that obscures your face, but you can wear a head covering for religious or medical reasons.
After receiving study permit, ESPI arrange pre-departure orientations to prepare prior to your arrival on university campus.
The decision to study in the UK requires application in every sense of the word – time, money, and career aspiration. We welcome your decision and we are here to help you in every stage.
Remember it’s not think twice it’s all right. It’s your future. At ESPI Visa Consultants, we are committed to help you find the programme that is perfectly right for you. We advise you to join us for a personal one-to-one counseling session. This page is intended to offer a general advice on finding a course. It is always best to have a counseling session with us before making the final list of choices to apply.
Unless you are a postgraduate applicant or already in employment or have done some part time study, choosing a course can be definitely difficult. It is important to make sure what you will study and what skills you will develop after completion of your course.
Basically all degree courses are classified into:
You should select a stream that supports the kind of career you wish to pursue. Making a career choice is definitely difficult, but this is purely a personal decision. You are going to put three or more years of full-time study to earn your degree and therefore it is important to select the right stream that could motivate you during your studies and afterwards. The subjects should interest you, should motivate you to work hard, and should fulfill your long-term career aspirations. In the UK, it is increasingly common now-a-days, studying for dual degrees. You can earn two degrees with no / just one extra year of study. In undergraduate degree courses, you usually study subjects broadly (there are some exceptions, of course) and you can specialize an area at postgraduate level.
Since postgraduate courses are mostly specializations of your undergraduate program, you would have already selected the area to specialize. But remember, not all postgraduate courses are specializations, some are conversion courses that help people to switch careers.
Choosing a place to study is one of the most important decisions you have to ever make. Once you have selected the course of study, you should search for the institutions offering it and shortlist them. There are several factors you need to consider while selecting an institution: Reputation: Unfortunately there is no official ranking of UK institutions and hence it is very difficult to find which institution has a good reputation in which area. Also being an overseas student, because of the time and money factors, you do not have an opportunity to personally visit the institutions of your choice to find whether they suit you. Location and size: This is one of the most important criteria affecting student choices, according to a recent study. Make sure whether the institution is in a city or a small town. If you are thinking of going for part-time jobs during studies, it is better to opt for an institution that is located in a city. If you want to study in peaceful surroundings, lookout for small town institutions. And of course, size does matters. Some institutions have more than 20,000 students while some have less than 3000. Large number of students means greater mix of people and a lot to do, while small institutions have relaxed, quieter surroundings and are a bit friendlier.
Studying and living at a city institution may be costly compared to rural or small town institution, but offers a great range of socializing, shopping facilities; sport clubs and opportunities for part-time work and a wonderful mix of people. Rural or small town institutions offer access to countryside, peaceful surroundings, and a chance to mingle with the local community and learn British culture, & way of life.
Find out more about the BAC’s quality assurance scheme for independent further and higher education colleges.
The British Council is the United Kingdom’s international organization for cultural relations and educational opportunities.
Search for information and advice on all aspects of studying in the UK.
Find out about studying an English language course in the UK.
Find out if you need a visa and how to get one.
For general information on immigration and entry clearance.
Read about places around England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Keep up-to-date with the latest news and current affairs in the UK.
Overseas fees can range from £5,000 to £18,000 per year, depending on the institution, the level of course and the type of course. Some institutions give details of the fees they charge on their websites.
Most students on courses of more than 6 months will be given a passport stamp or visa sticker that allows them to work part-time during the term (up to 20 hours a week) and full-time during the vacations. However, for immigration, you must be able to show that you can afford to study and live in the UK without having to work. You must be able to show other sources of funding apart from your part-time work.
Scholarships are offered by UK institutions, the British government, a number of organizations and sometimes, your government. Note that scholarships available to international students are very limited and the competition is very intense. Scholarships offered by most of the UK institutions are only partial and you may still need to pay the rest of the tuition fees, living and other expenses.
Even if you are going to work for 20 hours a day, you probably cannot read all the recommended books. Also if you spend too much time on clubs, pubs, theaters, concerts you will end up with short span of time. The trick is to find a balance between these two – academic and social activities.
The UK does not have an official system of university rankings. Several newspapers produce rankings using a variety of sources for their data. However, these may not have had input or support from the universities themselves. Those publishing ‘league tables’ include the Financial Times, the Guardian, The Times, The Times Higher Educational Supplement and The Sunday Times.
Most British institutions require you to prove your proficiency in English only if it has not been your first language. You may be required to either take the IELTS test which is administered regularly by the British Council at all its centers. Alternatively, the TOEFL is also recognized by British institutions. Contact Worldwide education for further details. worldwide counselors would be happy to assist you if you have any further doubts in this regard.
British banks, in common with their counterparts across the globe, have introduced new regulations about opening new bank accounts. Security procedures have been implemented which can lead to delays for overseas students who try to open an account on arrival. It is almost impossible to open a UK bank account As it is very difficult to open a bank account in the UK, we recommend that students open a bank account in their home country that has a UK branch or keep their existing account open at home until they are able to open a bank account here. This way, you will still have access to funds. To open a bank account you will need to show the following identification: passport School acceptance letter Proof ok UK address, usually in the form of a utility bill or halls of Residence contract.
London has one of the largest concentrations of universities and higher education institutions in the world. It has 40 higher education institutions (not counting foreign Universities with London branches) and has a student population of more than 400,000. Among the institutions in London are some of the old and world-famous colleges that today makes up the federal University of London, modern universities, as well as a number of smaller and often highly specialized universities and colleges.
This is a list of university colleges in the UK. Note that there are also some other institutions with “university college” in their title which are not legally university colleges.
These should not be confused with colleges of further education, which offer a different level of qualifications.